A Communal Lament essentially consists of six possible parts:

  • The Address - usually directly to God, "Hear me O God"

  • The Lament Proper - a description of the occurrences for which the people are requesting assistance or rescue

  • National Confession of Trust - a statement showing the nation's belief that God will hear their prayers

  • The Petition Proper and Motivation - a usually very specific statement of what the people want God to do

  • Exclamation of Certainty- That the psalmists prayer has been or will be heard by God

  • Vow of Praise - portion of the lament where the people promise to offer thanksgiving once seeing God's intervention